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Astron. Astrophys. 357, 164-168 (2000)

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ROSAT X-ray sources and exponential field decay in isolated neutron stars

S.B. Popov and M.E. Prokhorov

Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Universitetskii pr.13, 119899 Moscow, Russia (polar@xray.sai.msu.su; mike@sai.msu.su)

Received 2 July 1999 / Accepted 29 November 1999


The influence of exponential magnetic field decay on the spin evolution of isolated neutron stars is studied. ROSAT observations have revealed several X-ray sources which may be accreting old isolated neutron stars. Assuming that this interpretation is correct, the observations can be used to constrain parameters of the exponential field decay.

We show that the range of minimum value of magnetic moment, [FORMULA], and the characteristic decay time, [FORMULA], [FORMULA], [FORMULA] are excluded assuming the standard initial magnetic momentum, [FORMULA]. For these parameters, neutron stars would never reach the stage of accretion from the interstellar medium even for a low space velocity of the stars and a density of the ambient plasma. The range of excluded parameters increases for lower values of [FORMULA].

Key words: accretion, accretion disks – magnetic fields – stars: neutron – stars: magnetic fields – X-rays: stars

Send offprint requests to: S.B. Popov (polar@xray.sai.msu.su)

© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 2000

Online publication: May 3, 2000