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Angular size in "quintessence" cosmology
J.A.S. Lima and
Received 28 October 1999 / Accepted 9 March 2000
We investigate the influence of an exotic fluid component ("quintessence") on the angular size-redshift relation for distant extragalactic sources. Particular emphasis is given for the redshif at which the angular size takes its minimal value. We derive an analytical closed form which determines how depends on the parameter of the equation of state describing the exotic component. The results for a flat model dominated by a "quintessence" are compared in detail with the ones for the standard open model dominated by cold dark matter. Some consequences of systematic evolutionary effects on the values of are also briefly discussed. It is argued that the critical redshift, for all practical purposes, may completely be removed if such effects are taken into account.
Key words: cosmology: theory
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Online publication: June 5, 2000