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Astron. Astrophys. 357, 763-766 (2000)

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Solar equatorial plasma rotation: a comparison of different spectroscopic measurements

H. Wöhl and W. Schmidt

Kiepenheuer-Institut für Sonnenphysik, Schöneckstrasse 6, 79104 Freiburg, Germany (hw@kis.uni-freiburg.de, wolfgang@kis.uni-freiburg.de)

Received 7 December 1999 / Accepted 9 March 2000


We present solar equatorial rotation velocities measured with two different spectral lines (Fe I 557.6 nm and Ni I 676.8 nm) and two different spectrometers at the German Vacuum Tower Telescope (VTT) on Tenerife. The `classical' sidereal solar equatorial rotation velocity of about 2000 m/s has been confirmed. The results are compared with those from velocity data of the Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI) onboard the Solar Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) obtained on 10 June 1996 and 27 May 1999. From both data sets of MDI, a rotation velocity about 100 to 200 m/s below the `classical' value cited above was found. Possible explanations of this discrepancy are discussed.

Key words: Sun: photosphere – Sun: rotation

Send offprint requests to: H. Wöhl

© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 2000

Online publication: June 5, 2000