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Astron. Astrophys. 359, L13-L17 (2000)


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Letter to the Editor

Detection of a spectroscopic transit by the planet orbiting the star HD209458 *

D. Queloz 1, A. Eggenberger 1, M. Mayor 1, C. Perrier 2, J.L. Beuzit 2, D. Naef 1, J.P. Sivan 3 and S. Udry 1

1 Observatoire de Genève, 51 ch. des Maillettes, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland
2 Domaine Universitaire de St Martin d'Hières, Observatoire de Grenoble, 414 rue de la Piscine, 38041, France
3 Observatoire de Haute Provence, Saint-Michel l'Observatoire, 04870, France

Received 3 January 2000 / Accepted 15 June 2000

Abstract

We report the first detection of a planetary transit by spectroscopic measurements. We have detected the distortion of the stellar line profiles during a planetary transit. With the ELODIE spectrograph we took a sequence of high precision radial velocities of the star HD209458 at time of a transit of its planet. We detected an anomaly in the residuals of the orbit. The shape and the amplitude of the anomaly are modeled as a change of the mean stellar line profile resulting from the planet crossing the disk of the rotating star. The planetary orbit is in the same direction as the stellar rotation. Using the photometric transit to constrain the timing and the impact parameters of the transit, we measure an angle [FORMULA] [FORMULA] between the orbital plane and the apparent equatorial plane as well as a [FORMULA]=[FORMULA] km s-1. With additional constrains on the inclination of the star and on the statistics of the line of sight distribution, we can set an upper limit of 30 0 to the angle between the orbital plane and the stellar equatorial plane.

Key words: stars: binaries: spectroscopic – stars: binaries: eclipsing – stars: individual: HD209458 – stars: planetary systems

* Based on observations collected at the Observatoire de Haute-Provence with the echelle spectrograph ELODIE at the 1.93m telescope

Send offprint requests to: Didier.Queloz@obs.unige.ch

© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 2000

Online publication: July 7, 2000

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