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Astron. Astrophys. 361, 550-554 (2000)

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Black hole to bulge mass correlation in Active Galactic Nuclei: a test for the simple unified formation scheme

Y.P. Wang 1,2, P.L. Biermann 3 and A. Wandel 4

1 Purple Mountain Observatory, Academia Sinica, 210008 Nanjing, P.R. China
2 National Astronomical observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.R. China
3 Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
4 Racah Institute of Physics, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel

Received 27 July 2000 / Accepted 1 August 2000


A mass correlation of central black holes and their spheroids [FORMULA] (within a factor of three) is suggested by Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and various ground-based CCD photometries of early type galaxies. The near-IR images of quasar hosts and the emission line measurements of Broad Line Region for bright QSOs present a similar correlation, which supports the speculation of an evolutionary linkage between the early active QSO phase and the central black holes in normal galaxies. On the other hand, recent reverberation mapping of a sample of Seyferts shows a broad distribution of black hole to bulge mass ratio with a mean of [FORMULA], about one magnitude lower than the value in early type galaxies and bright QSOs. Adopting a simple unified formation scheme for QSOs and Seyferts, we will discuss in this letter the dependence of the black hole to bulge mass ratio in Active Galactic Nuclei (AGNs) on the environmental parameters of the host galaxies. We show a broad distribution of the mass correlation could be due to different velocity dispersion of the accreting gas from different formation mechanism, and the mass ratio in normal galaxies and bright QSOs is probably a limit case of black hole evolution by merger enhanced accretion close to Eddington limit.

Key words: galaxies: interactions – galaxies: Seyfert – galaxies: quasars: general – galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD – galaxies: formation

Send offprint requests to: Y.P. Wang (ypwang@pmo.ac.cn)

© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 2000

Online publication: October 2, 2000