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Astron. Astrophys. 362, 615-627 (2000)


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Magnetospheric accretion and winds on the T Tauri star SU Aurigae

Multi-spectral line variability and cross-correlation analysis *

J.M. Oliveira 1,2, B.H. Foing 1,3, J.Th. van Loon 4 and Y.C. Unruh 5

1 ESA Space Science Department, ESTEC/SCI-SO, P.O. Box 299, 2200 AG Noordwijk, The Netherlands (joana@so.estec.esa.nl, bfoing@estec.esa.nl)
2 Centro de Astrofísica da Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas s/n, 4150 Porto, Portugal
3 Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale, CNRS/Univ. Paris XI, Bât. 121, Campus d'Orsay, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France
4 Institute of Astronomy, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK (jacco@ast.cam.ac.uk)
5 Institut für Astronomie, Universität Wien, Türkenschanzstrasse 17, 1180 Vienna, Austria (ycu@astro.univie.ac.at)

Received 12 May 2000 / Accepted 21 August 2000

Abstract

SU Aurigae is a T Tauri star that was well monitored during the MUSICOS 96 multi-site campaign. We present the results of the spectroscopic analysis of the circumstellar environment of this star, particularly of the H[FORMULA], H[FORMULA], NaI  D and HeI  D3 line profiles. The signatures of modulated outflows and mass accretion events are analysed, as well as transient spectral features. We compute the cross-correlation function (CCF) of several pairs of (velocity bins in) spectral lines to better investigate the profiles' temporal variability. We found increasing time lags between the variability of HeI  D3, NaI  D and H[FORMULA]. We propose this may be understood in terms of azimuthal distortion of the magnetic field lines due to the different rotation rates of the star and the disk. We find the slightly blueshifted absorption features in H[FORMULA], H[FORMULA] and NaI  D to be anti-correlated with the accretion flow signatures. We propose that the transient absorption features in the blue wings of H[FORMULA], H[FORMULA] and NaI  D (signatures of mass outflows), and flare brightenings are related to the disruption of distorted magnetospheric field lines.

Key words: stars: pre-main sequence – stars: circumstellar matter – line: profiles – stars: activity – stars: magnetic fields – stars: individual: SU Aur

* Based on observations obtained during the MUSICOS 96 campaign in which were involved: Isaac Newton Telescope (INT, La Palma), Observatoire de Haute Provence (OHP, France), McDonald Observatory (MDO, USA), Beijing Astronomical Observatory (BAO, Xinglong, China) and Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT, Hawaii).

Send offprint requests to: J.M. Oliveira (joana@so.estec.esa.nl)

© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 2000

Online publication: October 24, 2000

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