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Astron. Astrophys. 362, 840-844 (2000)

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Models of universe with a delayed big-bang singularity

III. Solving the horizon problem for an off-center observer

M.-N. Célérier

Département d'Astrophysique Relativiste et de Cosmologie, Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon Cédex, France (marie-noelle.celerier@obspm.fr)

Received 19 May 2000 / Accepted 14 August 2000


This paper is the third of a series dedicated to the study of the Delayed Big-Bang (DBB) class of inhomogeneous cosmological models of Lemaître-Tolman-Bondi type. In the first work, it was shown that the geometrical properties of the DBB model are such that the horizon problem can be solved, without need for any inflationary phase, for an observer situated sufficiently near the symmetry center of the model to justify the "centered earth" approximation. In the second work, we studied, in a peculiar subclass of the DBB models, the extent to which the values of the dipole and quadrupole moments measured in the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) temperature anisotropies can support a cosmological origin. This implies a relation between the location of the observer in the universe and the model parameter value: the farther the observer from the symmetry center, the closer our current universe to a local homogeneous pattern. However, in this case, the centered earth approximation is no longer valid and the results of the first work do not apply. We show here that the horizon problem can be solved, in the DBB model, also for an off-center observer, which improves the consistency of this model regarding the assumption of a CMBR large scale anisotropy cosmological origin.

Key words: cosmology: theory

© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 2000

Online publication: October 30, 2000