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Astron. Astrophys. 324, 534-548 (1997)

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An SPH code for galaxy formation problems

Presentation of the code

John Hultman and Daniel Källander

Astronomiska observatoriet i Uppsala, Box 515, S-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden (pohlman@astro.uu.se)

Received 22 October 1996 / Accepted 12 February 1997


We present and test a code for two-fluid simulations of galaxy formation, one of the fluids being collision-less. The hydrodynamical evolution is solved through the SPH method while gravitational forces are calculated using a tree method. The code is Lagrangian, and fully adaptive both in space and time. A significant fraction gas in simulations of hierarchical galaxy formation ends up in tight clumps where it is, in terms of computational effort, very expensive to integrate the SPH equations. Furthermore, this is a computational waste since these tight gas clumps are typically not gravitationally resolved. We solve this by merging gas particles in these regions, thereby limiting the SPH resolution to the gravitational force resolution, and further speeding up the simulation through the reduction in the number of particles.

Key words: hydrodynamics – numerical methods – galaxies: formation

Send offprint requests to: J. Hultman

© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 1997

Online publication: May 26, 1998