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Astron. Astrophys. 326, 1-12

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The DUO single lens candidates

I. The 1994 campaign

C. Alard1,2,3 and J. Guibert1,2

1DEMIRM,Observatoire de Paris, 61 Avenue de l'observatoire, F-75014 Paris, France
2Centre d'Analyse des Images de l'INSU, Batiment Perrault, Observatoire de Paris, 61 Avenue de l'Observatoire, F-75014, Paris, France
3Institute of Astronomy, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK

Received 26 February 1997 / Accepted 23 April 1997


The microlensing candidates found in the first DUO season are presented here. Statistical tests show that these candidates stand well above the noise distribution. The analysis of their colours shows in addition that they are not related with pulsating variable stars. We also conclude that they are unlikely to be associated with cataclysmic variables. Unless a new class of variable objects has been discovered here, microlensing appears as the best explanation of their light curves. The latitude distribution of these candidates is different from the distribution of the other stars: it shows a large gradient which is well reproduced by a microlensing model. We conclude that this is a good signature of microlensing. The large fraction of short duration events among these candidates is rather puzzling, and cannot be reproduced, within a standard microlensing model, without a large number of brown dwarfs. However, a more sophisticated model including the amplification of unresolved stars can well reproduce the observed rates without any brown dwarfs. Consequently, we demonstrate with these data the great importance of modeling the amplification rates of unresolved stars. It is also concluded that any satisfactory study of the mass function at the faint end, should include this kind of contribution.

Key words: dark matter - graviatational lensing - stars: low-mass, brown dwarfs - stars: binaries - stars: planetary systems

Send offprint requests to: C. Alard

© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 1997

Online publication: September 9, 1997
Last change: April 20, 1998