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Astron. Astrophys. 326, L9-L11

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Letter to the Editor

Do the lensing cross-sections of faint galaxies cover the whole sky?

Zong-Hong Zhu1 and Xiang-Ping Wu2

1Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2Beijing Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China

Received 17 January 1997 / Accepted 18 April 1997


Very deep galaxy surveys have revealed a considerably large population of faint galaxies, which leads to the speculation that all distant objects are moderately magnified by the gravitational lensing effects of galaxies (Fried 1997). In this letter, we present a simple estimate of the lensing amplitudes by all galaxies up to redshift z = 2 in terms of galaxy merging and answer the question whether the sky is fully covered by the lensing cross-sections of galaxies. It is shown that, as a result of the combination of the increase of galaxy number and the decrease of galaxy velocity dispersion with lookback time, less than FORMULA of the sky to z = 2 can be moderately affected by the galaxy acting as lenses with magnification FORMULA . This conclusion is independent of the galaxy limiting magnitude. In other Words, no matter how high the surface number density of faint galaxies becomes, it is unlikely that their lensing cross-sections of FORMULA can cover the whole sky.

Key words: gravitational lensing - galaxies: general

Send offprint requests to: Z.H. Zhu

© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 1997

Online publication: September 9, 1997
Last change: April 20, 1998