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Astron. Astrophys. 333, L47-L50 (1998)

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Letter to the Editor

Black hole energy release to the Gaseous Universe

Torsten A. Enßlin 1, Yiping Wang 1, 2, 3, Biman B. Nath 4 and Peter L. Biermann 1

1 Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, D-53121 Bonn, Germany
2 Purple Mountain Observatory, Academia Sinica, Nanjing 210008, P.R. China
3 Bergische Universität Wuppertal, D-42097 Wuppertal, Germany
4 Raman Research Institute, Bangalore 560080, India

Received 19 February 1998 / Accepted 10 March 1998


We estimate the energy release of black hole formation to the intra-cluster medium of the Coma cluster and find that this is comparable to the present day energy content. Therefore an energetic and maybe hydrostatic influence is possible. Our calculations rely on the assumption of an universal black hole to galaxy mass ratio (more exactly: spheroidal mass component of the stellar population), for which there is growing evidence. On a cosmological scale, there is also an energy release of black hole formation comparable to what is expected to be present within the thermal gas, caused by the process of structure formation. This indicates an important dynamical influence, neglected by present day structure formation simulations. This estimate of cosmological black hole energy release is independent of the black hole to galaxy mass ratio, but consistent with its value.

Key words: black hole physics – intergalactic medium – galaxies: jets – galaxies: clusters: individual: Coma – cosmology: large-scale structure of the Universe

Send offprint requests to: T.A. Enßlin (e-mail: ensslin@mpifr-bonn.mpg.de)

© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 1998

Online publication: April 20, 1998