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Astron. Astrophys. 334, 703-712 (1998)


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Helioseismic constraints on new solar models from the MoSEC code

J.R. Elliott

JILA, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309-0440, USA

Received 11 September 1997 / Accepted 24 February 1998

Abstract

Evolutionary solar models are computed using a new stellar evolution code, MoSEC (Modular Stellar Evolution Code). This code has been designed with carefully controlled truncation errors in order to achieve a precision which reflects the increasingly accurate determination of solar interior structure by helioseismology. A series of models is constructed to investigate the effects of the choice of equation of state (OPAL or MHD-E, the latter being a version of the MHD equation of state recalculated by the author), the inclusion of helium and heavy-element settling and diffusion, and the inclusion of a simple model of mixing associated with the solar tachocline. The neutrino flux predictions are discussed, while the sound speed of the computed models is compared to that of the sun via the latest inversion of SOI-MDI p-mode frequency data. The comparison between models calculated with the OPAL and MHD-E equations of state is particularly interesting because the MHD-E equation of state includes relativistic effects for the electrons, whereas neither MHD nor OPAL do. This has a significant effect on the sound speed of the computed model, worsening the agreement with the solar sound speed. Using the OPAL equation of state and including the settling and diffusion of helium and heavy elements produces agreement in sound speed with the helioseismic results to within about [FORMULA] ; the inclusion of mixing slightly improves the agreement.

Key words: Sun: evolution – Sun: interior – Sun: oscillations

Send offprint requests to: J.R. Elliott

© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 1998

Online publication: May 15, 1998

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