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Astron. Astrophys. 335, 959-968 (1998)


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The Li dip: a probe of angular momentum transport in low mass stars

Suzanne Talon 1 and Corinne Charbonnel 2

1 Département d'Astrophysique Stellaire et Galactique, Observatoire de Paris, Section de Meudon, F-92195 Meudon, France
2 Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Toulouse, CNRS UMR5572, OMP, 14, Av. E.Belin, F-31400 Toulouse, France (Suzanne.Talon@obspm.fr, Corinne.Charbonnel@obs-mip.fr)

Received 9 September 1997 / Accepted 20 April 1998

Abstract

We use the measures of Li and rotational velocities in F Hyades stars to assess the role of the wind-driven meridian circulation and of shear turbulence in the transport of angular momentum in stars of different masses. Our models include both element segregation and rotation-induced mixing, and we treat simultaneously the transport of matter and angular momentum as described by Zahn (1992) and Maeder (1995).

We show that the hot side of the Li dip in the Hyades is well explained within this framework, which was also successfully used to reproduce the C and N anomalies in B type stars (Talon et al. 1997). On the cool side of the dip, another mechanism must participate in the transport of angular momentum; its efficiency is linked to the depth of the surface convection zone. That mechanism should also be responsible for the Sun's flat rotation profile.

Key words: hydrodynamics – turbulence – stars: abundances – stars: interiors – stars: rotation

Send offprint requests to: Suzanne Talon, Present address: CERCA, 5160, boul. Décarie, bureau 400, Montréal (Québec) Canada H3X 2H9

© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 1998

Online publication: June 26, 1998

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