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Astron. Astrophys. 336, 1007-1023 (1998)

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Studies of dense cores in regions of massive star formation

VI. Multitransitional CS and CO observations of G 261.64-2.09, G 268.42-0.85, G 270.26+0.83 and G 301.12-0.20

A.V. Lapinov 1, P. Schilke 2, M. Juvela 3 and I.I. Zinchenko 1, 3

1 Institute of Applied Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Uljanov str. 46, 603600 Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
2 Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, D-53121 Bonn, Germany
3 Helsinki University Observatory, Tähtitorninmäki, P.O. Box 14, FIN-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland

Received 31 July 1997 / Accepted 24 April 1998


We report the results of a multitransitional study of four southern molecular clouds in the CS [FORMULA], [FORMULA], [FORMULA], [FORMULA]; CO [FORMULA], [FORMULA]; C34S [FORMULA] and C18O [FORMULA] lines observed with SEST and CSO telescopes. To analyze the obtained maps we applied a MEM deconvolution technique which improves the resolution significantly, if the signal-to-noise ratio is sufficiently high. We compare the molecular line maps with available infrared and molecular maser data and for G 268.42-0.85 also with optical DSS image. Two of four cores (G 268.42-0.85 and G 301.12-0.20) show bipolar structure in CS with blue- and red-shifted peaks symmetrically displaced relative the central IR objects. We found that in all observed regions the deconvolved source size decreases sharply with the quantum number of the rotational transition, and the measured FWHP of the CS lines decreases with radius. From optically thin C18O [FORMULA] lines we estimate the H2 column densities to be of the order of 1023cm-2 and from C34S [FORMULA] the fractional abundance of CS as [FORMULA].

Key words: stars: formation – ISM: clouds – ISM: molecules – radio lines: ISM

Send offprint requests to: A.V. Lapinov, (lapinov@appl.sci-nnov.ru)

© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 1998

Online publication: July 27, 1998