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Lens distortion effects on CMB maps
Received 25 February 1998 / Accepted 8 July 1998
Weak lensing effects are known to introduce non-linear couplings in the CMB temperature maps. In inflationary scenario, the primary CMB anisotropies are expected to form a 2D Gaussian map, for which, the probability distribution function of the ellipticity defined from the local temperature curvature matrix has a very specific shape. I show that lenses alter significantly the shape of this PDF, inducing an excess of elongated structures. The precise functional form is computed for both the field points and the temperature extrema.
These analytical results are confirmed by numerical experiments on 10x10 square degree maps. These numerical results allow to investigate the effects of smoothing and to estimate the cosmic variance. For the best resolution and sky coverage of the Planck mission the signal to noise ratio for the statistical indicators presented here is about 3 to 6 depending on the cosmological models. A marginal detection should therefore be possible.
Key words: dark matter large-scale structure of Universe gravitational lensing cosmic microwave background
Send offprint requests to: F. Bernardeau, (email@example.com)
Online publication: September 17, 1998