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Astron. Astrophys. 341, L31-L34 (1999)

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Letter to the Editor

Probing downflows in solar magnetic elements: the Fe II test

L.R. Bellot Rubio, B. Ruiz Cobo and M. Collados

Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, E-38200, La Laguna (Tenerife), Spain

Received 21 August 1998 / Accepted 18 November 1998


In an attempt to assess the physical realism of the plage flux tube model derived by Bellot Rubio, Ruiz Cobo & Collados (1997, 1998) we extend its predictions to the Stokes V zero-crossing shifts of a number of Fe II lines. For this analysis, accurate Fe II central wavelengths are required. We have devised a procedure for bringing the available Fe II laboratory wavelengths to the system of accurate Fe I wavelengths of Nave et al. (1994). It is shown that, relative to this system, the Fe II system of Kurucz (1981) is shifted by 6.4 mÅ towards longer wavelengths. Some lines, however, are displaced by more than 10 mÅ. Corrected central wavelengths have been used to extract the observed Stokes V zero-crossing shifts of 16 Fe II lines. Comparison with the values resulting from the model of Bellot Rubio et al. (1997, 1998) suggests that the velocity gradients derived by these authors are esentially correct.

Key words: atomic data – line: formation – Sun: faculae, plages – Sun: granulation – polarization – radiative transfer

Send offprint requests to: L.R. Bellot Rubio (lbellot@iac.es)

© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 1999

Online publication: December 4, 1998