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Astron. Astrophys. 343, 841-846 (1999)


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A narrowband imaging survey of symbiotic stars *

Romano L.M. Corradi 1, Estela Brandi 2,3, Osvaldo E. Ferrer 2,4 and Hugo E. Schwarz 5

1 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, c. Via Lactea S/N, E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
2 Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y Geofísicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Paseo del Bosque, 1900 La Plata, Argentina
3 Comisión de Investigaciones Científicas de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina
4 Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Argentina
5 Nordic Optical Telescope, Apartado 474, E-38700 Sta. Cruz de La Palma, Spain

Received 16 November 1998 / Accepted 18 December 1998

Abstract

Narrowband images of 51 symbiotic stars were obtained at the ESO and ORM observatories to search for resolved optical nebulae. Ionized nebulae much larger than previously known are found around CH Cyg, HM Sge and V1016 Cyg, and they will be discussed in detail in forthcoming papers. A nebula with a deconvolved size between 0:009 and 1:005 is found around the symbiotic Mira H 1-36. The radio sources located few arcminutes aside of R Aqr (Hollis et al. 1987), which were suggested to be the remnant of a prehistoric eruption of the system, are found to be background galaxies.

We also present a bibliographical compilation, updated to October 1998, of all the extended nebulae around symbiotic stars detected at optical and radio wavelengths, as well as a list of optical non-detections.

The statistics of occurrence of these large ionized nebulae among symbiotic stars is discussed. Extended ionized nebulae appear to be a common component of the D-type symbiotics, and we infer that they are formed by the Mira wind and/or high velocity winds ejected by the hot component during outbursts.

On the contrary, very few nebulae are detected around the systems containing normal red giants 1.

Key words: surveys – stars: binaries: symbiotic – ISM: jets and outflows

* Based on observations obtained at the 3.5m NTT and 1.5m DAN telescopes of the European Southern Observatory, and at the 2.6m NOT telescope operated on the island of La Palma by NOTSA, in the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de Los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias.

Send offprint requests to: R. Corradi (rcorradi@ll.iac.es)

© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 1999

Online publication: March 1, 1999

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