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Astron. Astrophys. 345, 149-155 (1999)


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V2109 Cygni, a second overtone field RR Lyrae star

L.L. Kiss 1, B. Csák 1, J.R. Thomson 2 and J. Vinkó 3

1 Department of Experimental Physics and Astronomical Observatory, JATE University, Szeged, Dóm tér 9., H-6720 Hungary
2 David Dunlap Observatory, University of Toronto, Richmond Hill, Canada
3 Department of Optics and Quantum Electronics, JATE University, Research Group on Laser Physics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences

Received 14 December 1998 / Accepted 25 January 1999

Abstract

We present the first (as of February, 1999) UBV and uvby photometric measurements for the short period variable star V2109 Cyg discovered by the Hipparcos satellite and classified as a field RRc variable. We have obtained new times of maxima and the period change has been studied. We determined the fundamental physical parameters using the geometric distance of the star and the most recent synthetic colour grids. The results are:

[Fe/H] [FORMULA], [FORMULA] mag, [FORMULA], [FORMULA], [FORMULA].

Additionally, we took medium resolution ([FORMULA]) spectra in the red spectral region centered at 6600 Å. A complete radial velocity curve has been determined from 60 spectra. We found no systematic difference between the velocities from H[FORMULA] and metallic lines indicating a smooth pulsation. The mass of the star is found to be [FORMULA] using the photometric [FORMULA] value and the acceleration curve calculated from the radial velocity data. The finally adopted set of the physical parameters lies in the typical range of RR Lyrae stars, which implies that V2109 Cyg is the shortest period RR Lyrae-type variable. The visual amplitude vs. period and the Fourier amplitude parameter [FORMULA] vs. period diagrams suggest that V2109 Cyg probably pulsates in the second overtone mode.

Key words: stars: fundamental parameters – stars: individual: V 2109 Cyg – stars: oscillations – stars: variables: RR Lyr

Send offprint requests to: l.kiss@physx.u-szeged.hu

© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 1999

Online publication: April 12, 1999

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