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Classification and spectral analysis of faint central stars of highly excited planetary nebulae *
T. Rauch 1,
J. Köppen 2,
R. Napiwotzki 3 and
K. Werner 1
Received 25 January 1999 / Accepted 12 April 1999
We present narrow-band images of nine planetary nebulae (PN) and a spectral analysis of four of their central stars (CSPN) by means of model atmosphere techniques based on medium-resolution optical spectra.
Four of our CSPN are unambiguously identified. They are very hot ( ) and have about 1 - 2 times solar He/H abundance ratios. (the exciting stars of PN G214.9+07.8, PN G231.8+04.1, PN G283.6+25.3, PN G293.6+10.9).
Three other of our PN are candidates for Abell 35-like objects: The supposed central stars of PN G257.5+00.6 and PN G277.1-03.8 exhibit F-type spectra while probably the hotter exciting star escapes detection in the optical. Absorption features is the spectrum of the central star of PN G283.6+25.3 suggest the presence of a cool companion.
The images of PN G277.1-03.8 display two close stars at its center which both show F-type spectra. It appears likely that this is a binary system but better spectra and additional UV spectra are required in order to successfully identify the exciting central star.
Key words: stars: abundances stars: AGB and post-AGB stars: atmospheres stars: evolution ISM: planetary nebulae: general
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Online publication: June 18, 1999