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Astron. Astrophys. 347, 949-956 (1999)

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Upper limit on [FORMULA] and [FORMULA] features in the ISO-SWS spectrum of the reflection nebula NGC 7023 *

C. Moutou 1, K. Sellgren 2, L. Verstraete 3 and A. Léger 3

1 European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordoba 3107, Santiago, Chile (cmoutou@eso.org)
2 Astronomy Department, Ohio State University, 174 West 18th Avenue, Columbus OH 43210, USA (sellgren@astronomy.ohio-state.edu)
3 Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale, CNRS, Université Paris Sud, bâtiment 121, F-91405 Orsay, France (leger@iaslab.ias.fr; verstra@ias.fr)

Received 26 January 1999 / Accepted 28 May 1999


We present here the 7.0-8.7 µm spectrum of the bright reflection nebula NGC 7023. Our observations are made with the Short Wavelength Spectrometer (SWS) on the European satellite Infrared Space Observatory (ISO). The vibrational bands of the ionized fullerene [FORMULA] are expected at 7.11 and 7.51 µm, while those of the neutral fullerene C60 are expected at 7.0 and 8.45 µm. We estimate an upper limit in NGC 7023 for the [FORMULA] abundance of [FORMULA]0.26% of the interstellar abundance of carbon, while C60 contains [FORMULA]0.27% of interstellar carbon.

Key words: ISM: dust, extinction – ISM: lines and bands – ISM: molecules

* ISO is an ESA project with instruments funded by ESA Member States (especially the PI countries: the United Kingdom, France, the Netherlands, Germany), and with the participation of ISAS and NASA.

Send offprint requests to: C. Moutou

© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 1999

Online publication: June 6, 1999