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Astron. Astrophys. 350, 1-8 (1999)

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Gravitational lensing statistics with extragalactic surveys

III. Joint constraints on [FORMULA] and [FORMULA] from lensing statistics and the m-z relation for type Ia supernovae

Phillip Helbig 1,2

1 University of Manchester, Nuffield Radio Astronomy Laboratories, Jodrell Bank, Macclesfield, Cheshire SK11 9DL, UK
2 University of Groningen, Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, P.O. Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands

Received 23 April 1999 / Accepted 23 July 1999


I present constraints on cosmological parameters in the [FORMULA]-[FORMULA] plane from a joint analysis of gravitational lensing statistics (Helbig et al. 1999b) and the magnitude-redshift relation for Type Ia supernovae (Perlmutter et al. 1999; Riess et al. 1998). I discuss reasons why this particular combination of tests is important and how the constraints can be improved in the future. The lensing statistics and supernova results are not inconsistent, thus it is meaningful to determine joint constraints on [FORMULA] and [FORMULA] by combining the results from both tests. The quantity measured by the lens statistics and the m-z relation for type Ia supernovae discussed here is approximately [FORMULA]. At 95% confidence, the upper limit on [FORMULA] from lensing statistics alone is 0.45 and from supernovae alone is in the range 0.65-0.81 (depending on the data set). For joint constraints, the upper limit on [FORMULA] is in the range 0.55-0.60 (again depending on the data set). For a flat universe with [FORMULA], this corresponds to upper limits on [FORMULA], taking the top of the range from different data sets, of 0.72, 0.90 and 0.80 for lensing statistics alone, supernovae alone and the joint analysis, respectively. This is perfectly consistent with the current `standard cosmological model' with [FORMULA] and [FORMULA] and is consistent with a flat universe but, neglecting other cosmological tests, does not require it.

Key words: cosmology: gravitational lensing – cosmology: theory – cosmology: observations – cosmology: miscellaneous

Send offprint requests to: P. Helbig, Jodrell Bank address

Correspondence to: p.helbig@jb.man.ac.uk

© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 1999

Online publication: September 24, 1999