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Astron. Astrophys. 350, 865-874 (1999)


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Analysis of UV and optical spectra of the helium-rich white dwarfs HS 2253+8023 and GD 40 *

S. Friedrich 1, D. Koester 1, U. Heber 2, C.S. Jeffery 3 and D. Reimers 4

1 Institut für Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik, Universität Kiel, 24098 Kiel, Germany
2 Dr.-Remeis-Sternwarte Bamberg, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Sternwartstrasse 7, 96049 Bamberg, Germany
3 Armagh Observatory, College Hill, Armagh, BT61 9DG, Ireland
4 Hamburger Sternwarte, Universität Hamburg, Gojenbergsweg 112, 21029 Hamburg, Germany

Received 1 April 1999 / Accepted 21 July 1999

Abstract

HS 2253+8023 is a helium-rich white dwarf with traces of metals and hydrogen, which was recently discovered in the Hamburg Quasar Survey. We have derived temperatures and element abundances from optical and UV spectra by comparison with synthetic line profiles. In addition UV (HST, IUE) and optical spectra of the well-known white dwarf GD 40 with very similar atmospheric parameters were analysed and element abundances determined. For both stars we derive an effective temperature of about 15000 K. Within the framework of the diffusion-accretion theory, metal-to-metal ratios are consistent with accretion in solar element proportions, except for calcium which might be overabundant in GD 40. However the accretion of hydrogen must be reduced by a factor of [FORMULA] with respect to the predicted metal-to-hydrogen ratio in order to explain the observed abundances.

Key words: stars: white dwarfs – stars: abundances – stars: individual: HS 2253+8023 – stars: individual: GD 40

* Based on observations with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope obtained at the Space Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Incorporated, under NASA contract No. NAS5-26555. Based on observations with the International Ultraviolett Explorer satellite (IUE) collected at Villafranca, Spain. Based on observations collected at the German-Spanish Astronomical Center (DSAZ), Calar Alto, operated by the Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie Heidelberg jointly with the Spanish National Commission for Astronomy.

Send offprint requests to: D. Koester

© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 1999

Online publication: October 14, 1999

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