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Astron. Astrophys. 352, 665-669 (1999)

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The "Papillon" nebula: a compact H II blob in the LMC resolved by HST  *

M. Heydari-Malayeri 1, M.R. Rosa **  2, V. Charmandaris 1, L. Deharveng 3 and H. Zinnecker 4

1 DEMIRM , Observatoire de Paris, 61 Avenue de l'Observatoire, F-75014 Paris, France
2 Space Telescope European Coordinating Facility, European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse-2, D-85748 Garching bei München, Germany
3 Observatoire de Marseille, 2 Place Le Verrier, F-13248 Marseille Cedex 4, France
4 Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam, Germany

Received 26 April 1999 / Accepted 12 July 1999


We present high spatial resolution HST imaging of the LMC compact H II region N159-5. This high excitation blob is revealed to be a "papillon" or butterfly-shaped ionized nebula with the "wings" separated by [FORMULA] [FORMULA] (0.6 pc). Two subarcsecond features resembling a "smoke ring" and a "globule" are detected in the wings, the origin of which is briefly discussed. N159-5 may represent a new type of H II region in the Magellanic Clouds overlooked so far because of insufficient spatial resolution. Our images also show a strikingly turbulent medium around the Papillon in the giant H II region N 159, which manifests itself by a large number of subarcsecond filaments, arcs, ridges, and fronts carved in the ionized gas by the stellar winds from massive stars in the N 159 complex.

Key words: galaxies: Magellanic Clouds – ISM: kinematics and dynamics – ISM: individual objects: N 159-5 – ISM: H ii regions – ISM: dust, extinction – stars: early-type

* Based on observations with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope obtained at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS 5-26555.
** Affiliated to the Astrophysics Division, Space Science Department of the European Space Agency.

Send offprint requests to: M. Heydari-Malayeri (heydari@obspm.fr)

© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 1999

Online publication: December 2, 1999