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Astron. Astrophys. 354, 999-1002 (2000)

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The nature of RX J0052.1-7319

P. Kahabka

Astronomical Institute, University of Amsterdam, Kruislaan 403, 1098 SJ Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Received 22 November 1999 / Accepted 29 December 1999


The nature of the X-ray source RX J0052.1-7319 is discussed from observational data obtained from ROSAT observations performed in 1995 and 1996. An accurate position is derived from ROSAT HRI observations of the source performed in 1995. The 6" error circle contains two OGLE microlensing optical variables of which one has previously been identified with a 14.5 mag Be-type star in the Small Magellanic Cloud. During the October 1996 observation RX J0052.1-7319 was found to be extremely bright (with a count rate of [FORMULA]) and 15.3[FORMULA]0.1 second X-ray pulsations have been discovered during this observation. This would indicate for a high-mass X-ray binary nature of the source. During the 1995 observation the X-ray source detected at the position of RX J0052.1-7319 was a factor [FORMULA]200 fainter. The corresponding luminosity has changed from [FORMULA] to [FORMULA] assuming SMC membership of the source. It is unclear whether the so-far unidentified second optical variable contributes to the X-ray flux of the source.

Key words: accretion, accretion disks – stars: individual: RX J0052.1-7319 – stars: magnetic fields – stars: neutron – stars: rotation – X-rays: stars

Send offprint requests to: Present address: Sternwarte der Universität Bonn, Auf dem Hügel 71, 53121 Bonn, Germany

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© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 2000

Online publication: February 25, 2000