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Astron. Astrophys. 355, 639-650 (2000)

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Giant protostellar outflows revealed by infrared imaging

Th. Stanke  ** , M.J. McCaughrean and H. Zinnecker

Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany

Received 10 October 1999 / Accepted 10 December 1999


We present new infrared data from a survey for embedded protostellar jets in the Orion A cloud. This survey makes use of the S(1) [FORMULA]-0 line of molecular hydrogen at [FORMULA] µm to search for infrared jets deep inside the cloud and thus hidden from view at optical wavelengths. We present data on the three flows associated with the Herbig-Haro objects HH 43/38 & HH 64, HH 65, and the L1641-N giant flow. HH 43, HH 38 and HH 64 are part of one H2 flow extending over at least 1.4 pc. We identify a deeply embedded 1.3 mm and IRAS source (HH 43 MMS1 = IRAS 05355-0709C) as the likely driving source, while the infrared source previously assumed to drive HH 43/38 (HH 43-IRS1 = IRAS 05357-0710) is seen to drive a smaller jet. The morphology of HH 43-IRS1 suggests that it is a star+disk system seen close to edge-on. We identify another large H2 flow apparently comprising the L1641-S3 CO outflow and the redshifted lobe of the L1641-S CO outflow containing HH 65. This flow extends over at least 2.6 pc and appears strongly curved. It is driven by L1641-S3 IRS, a deeply embedded 1.3 mm and IRAS source (L1641-S3 MMS1 = IRAS 05375-0731). Finally, we have found some additional large H2 features to the east of V 380 Ori and the HH 1/2 system, which probably outline another part of the L1641-N outflow. The molecular flow MB 20/21, which extends to the south from V 380 Ori, also appears to be a part of the L1641-N outflow.

Key words: ISM: jets and outflows – stars: formation – stars: circumstellar matter – infrared: ISM: lines and bands

* Visiting Astronomer, German-Spanish Astronomical Centre, Calar Alto operated by the Max-Planck-Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg, jointly with the Spanish National Commission for Astronomy
** Now at Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie Bonn, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany

Send offprint requests to: T. Stanke (tstanke@mpifr-bonn.mpg.de)

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© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 2000

Online publication: March 9, 2000