Sunyaev-Zel'dovich constraints from black hole-seeded proto-galaxies
N. Aghanim 1,
C. Balland 1 and
J. Silk 2
Received 10 August 1999 / Accepted 1 March 2000
Recent studies of galactic nuclei suggest that most galaxies are seeded by super-massive black holes which power the central nucleus. In this picture, the proto-galactic object is likely to have undergone a very active phase during which the surrounding medium was shocked and heated up to very high temperatures. We predict the cosmological effects of this scenario in terms of the thermal and kinetic Sunyaev-Zel'dovich distortions induced on galactic scales by a population of proto-galaxies. These predictions are compared to the observational limit on the mean Compton distortion set by the COBE-FIRAS instrument. This enables us to derive tight constraints on the fraction of proto-galaxies seeded by super-massive black holes as well as on the black hole-to-spheroid mass ratio. Finally, we estimate the contribution of such a population to the angular power spectrum of the Cosmic Microwave Background temperature anisotropies on very small angular scales ().
Key words: Galaxy: formation cosmology: cosmic microwave background
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© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 2000
Online publication: May 3, 2000