The transient X-ray pulsar GS 1843+00 was discovered on 1988 April 3 during a galactic plane scan observation near the Scutum region by the Gingasatellite (Makino et al. 1988a; Makino et al. 1988b). The Large Area Counter (LAC, Turner et al. 1989) on board Ginga(Makino et al. 1987) detected at a J2000 position of , , a coherent pulsation with a period of 29.5 s and an 2-37 keV X-ray intensity of 50 mCrab (Koyama et al. 1990a). On 1988 April 19 and 20 Gingacarried out a pointed observation of GS 1843+00, measuring a highly variable X-ray flux on a wide range of time scales, ranging from 30 to 60 mCrab. In addition to a coherent oscillation with P s, an energy-dependent aperiodic variation was found (Koyama et al. 1990b).
On 1997 March 3, the Burst and Transient Source Experiment (BATSE ) on board CGRO detected a new outburst from this peculiar source (Wilson et al. 1997). The mean 20-50 keV rms pulsed flux was mCrab while the mean barycentric pulse period at an epoch of March 6.0 was P s. The P variation during this observation implies a spin-up rate, , of s s-1. The data confirmed the low pulsed fraction (7%) observed by Ginga .
Between 1997 February 1 and March 19 the All Sky Monitor (ASM) on board the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE ) observed the source to be at a flux level of mCrab (Takeshima 1997).
A pointed observation carried out on 1997 March 5 with the RXTE Proportional Counter Array (PCA) detected the source at a 2-60 keV flux level of 62 mCrab, measuring a barycentric pulse period of s at an epoch of March 5.1712 UT (Takeshima 1997).
On 1997 April 4 the BeppoSAXNarrow Field Instruments (NFIs) performed a pointed observation of GS 1843+00 (Piraino et al. 1998). The source flux was erg cm-2s-1 in the 0.3-100 keV energy range.
Using the capability of BeppoSAXimaging instruments, the 90% confidence J2000 position of GS 1843+00 was constrained to be within a radius circular error region centered on , (Santangelo et al. 1997). On the same day, the source was also observed by the ROSAT High Resolution Imager (HRI) which found a J2000 position for the source of , (90% confidence error radius , Dennerl & Greiner 1997).
In this paper we present the results of both a timing and spectroscopic analysis of the BeppoSAXobservation of GS 1843+00.
© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 2000
Online publication: June 5, 2000