## 6. Nonlinear damping of the phase-mixed AWs in coronaAs in the Discussion, we take the length-scale of the field-aligned inhomogeneity in a coronal hole km, the transverse inhomogeneity length-scale ranging as 1 km km, and wave amplitudes ranging from 0.01 to 0.03 for . For wave frequencies
s where the distance of nonlinear damping To compare this height with the field-aligned wavelength we rewrite as where the coefficient before strongly depends on the perpendicular nonuniformity length-scale . Let us apply the above results to phase-mixed Alfvén waves in a coronal hole. Taking m, , and m, we obtain a low damping height in the coronal holes, varying in the range from with km, up to with km. Note that the ion gyroradius is nevertheless very small compared to at these heights. The corresponding transverse wavelengths, km with km and km with km, are much longer than the dissipative length-scale, m. This is exactly the point we made in the Introduction that the effect of FLR in Alfvén waves comes into play at length scales which are much longer than . © European Southern Observatory (ESO) 2000 Online publication: June 5, 2000 |