## Secondary caustics in close multiple lenses
We investigate the caustic structure of a lens composed by a discrete number of point-masses, having mutual distances smaller than the Einstein radius of the total mass of the system. Along with the main critical curve, it is known that the lens map is characterized by secondary critical curves producing small caustics far from the lens system. By exploiting perturbative methods, we derive the number, the position, the shape, the cusps and the area of these caustics for an arbitrary number of close multiple lenses. Very interesting geometries are created in some particular cases. Finally we review the binary lens case where our formulae assume a simple form.
This article contains no SIMBAD objects. ## Contents- 1. Introduction
- 2. Basics of multiple lensing
- 3. Number and positions of secondary critical curves
- 4. Simple caustics
- 4.1. Shape of the critical curves
- 4.2. Caustics
- 5. Multiple caustics
- 5.1. Critical curves
- 5.2. Caustics
- 5.3. An example: a double caustic in a triple lens
- 6. Secondary caustics in binary lensing
- 7. Summary
- Acknowledgements
- References
© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 2000 Online publication: June 30, 2000 |