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Astron. Astrophys. 359, 855-864 (2000)

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On the pair-electromagnetic pulse from an electromagnetic black hole surrounded by a baryonic remnant

R. Ruffini 1, J.D. Salmonson 2, J.R. Wilson 2 and S.-S. Xue 1

1 University of Rome "La Sapienza", I.C.R.A.-International Center for Relativistic Astrophysics and Physics Department, 00185 Rome, Italy
2 University of California, Lawrence Livemore National Laboratory, Livermore, California, USA

Received 24 February 2000 / Accepted 10 April 2000


The interaction of an expanding Pair-Electromagnetic pulse (PEM pulse) with a shell of baryonic matter surrounding a Black Hole with electromagnetic structure (EMBH) is analyzed for selected values of the baryonic mass at selected distances well outside the dyadosphere of an EMBH. The dyadosphere, the region in which a super critical field exists for the creation of [FORMULA] pairs, is here considered in the special case of a Reissner-Nordstrom geometry. The interaction of the PEM pulse with the baryonic matter is described using a simplified model of a slab of constant thickness in the laboratory frame (constant-thickness approximation) as well as performing the integration of the general relativistic hydrodynamical equations. Te validation of the constant-thickness approximation, already presented in a previous paper Ruffini et al. (1999) for a PEM pulse in vacuum, is here generalized to the presence of baryonic matter. It is found that for a baryonic shell of mass-energy less than 1% of the total energy of the dyadosphere, the constant-thickness approximation is in excellent agreement with full general relativistic computations. The approximation breaks down for larger values of the baryonic shell mass, however such cases are of less interest for observed Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs). On the basis of numerical computations of the slab model for PEM pulses, we describe (i) the properties of relativistic evolution of a PEM pulse colliding with a baryonic shell; (ii) the details of the expected emission energy and observed temperature of the associated GRBs for a given value of the EMBH mass; [FORMULA], and for baryonic mass-energies in the range [FORMULA] to [FORMULA] the total energy of the dyadosphere.

Key words: black hole physics – gamma rays: theory – gamma rays: bursts – gamma rays: observations

Send offprint requests to: R. Ruffini (ruffini@icra.it)

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© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 2000

Online publication: July 13, 2000