Superbubbles and the Galactic evolution of Li, Be and B
Received 14 February 2000 / Accepted 6 June 2000
From a recent re-analysis of the available data, Be and B Galactic evolution appears to show evidence for a two-slope behaviour with respect to O. The inferred Be/O abundance ratio in halo stars is constant at very low metallicity (primary behaviour) and increases proportionally to O/H at high metallicity (secondary behaviour). We show that this can be explained in the framework of one single model, the `superbubble model', in which Li, Be and B are produced by spallation reactions induced by energetic particles accelerated out of a mixture of supernova (SN) ejecta and ambient interstellar medium inside superbubbles (SBs). All the qualitative and quantitative constraints, including the energetics, the value of the transition metallicity and the 6Li/9Be isotopic ratio, are satisfied provided that the energetic particles have a spectrum flattened at low energy (in ) and that the proportion of the SN ejecta inside SBs is of the order of a few percent. This lends support to Bykov's acceleration mechanism inside SBs and to the SB dynamical evolution model of Mac Low & McCray (1988).
Key words: acceleration of particles nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances ISM: cosmic rays Galaxy: abundances
This article contains no SIMBAD objects.
© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 2000
Online publication: October 24, 2000