Magnetically-driven jets from Keplerian accretion discs
Received 1 April 1996 / Accepted 23 July 1996
Non-relativistic, magnetically-driven jets are constructed by taking self-consistently into account the feedback on the underlying accretion disc. It is shown that such jets are mostly described by the ejection index , which is a local measure of the disc ejection efficiency. This parameter is found to lie in a very narrow range, due to constraints imposed by both the disc vertical equilibrium and the steady transfer of angular momentum.
The investigation of global disc-jets solutions provided two important results. First, it shows that the disc vertical equilibrium imposes a minimum mass flux ejected. Thus, one cannot construct jet models with arbitrarily small mass loads. Second, their asymptotic behaviour critically depends on a fastness parameter , ratio of the field lines rotation velocity to the poloidal Alfvén velocity at the Alfvén surface. This parameter must be bigger than, but of the order of, unity.
Self-similar jets from Keplerian discs, after widening up to a maximum radius whose value increases with , always recollimate towards the jet axis, until the fast-magnetosonic critical point is reached. It is doubtful that such solutions could steadily cross this last point, the jet either ending there or rebouncing. Recollimation takes place because of the increasing effect of magnetic constriction. This systematic behaviour is due to the large opening of the magnetic surfaces, leading to such an efficient acceleration that matter always reaches its maximum poloidal velocity. This "over-widening" stems from having the same ejection efficiency in the whole jet.
Realistic jets, fed with ejection indices varying from one magnetic surface to the other, would not undergo recollimation, allowing either cylindrical or parabolic asymptotic collimation. The study of such jets requires full 2-D numerical simulations, with proper boundary conditions at the disc surface.
Key words: accretion, accretion discs magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) ISM: jets and outflows galaxies: jets
© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 1997
Online publication: July 3, 1998