Astron. Astrophys. 321, 151-158 (1997) 3. Results and discussionWe begin by considering the case of equal radii, , say, and vary the separation of the centres. We take a fixed value, , at which a dynamo is excited over a wide range of radii, . Calculations are usually started from an arbitrary configuration containing a mixture of and components, with . Results are outlined in Table 1. For , the dynamo is not excited at . This sequence of computations exhibits several interesting features. For , the solutions are steady, of type E, and have . M increases as decreases and the relative separation of the centres increases. For , the solutions are steady, of type O, and . The behaviour for larger (ie smaller separation of centres) is consistent with the limit , as discussed in Sect. 2. For , both O and E type solutions coexist. Here , so the overall solution is of mixed parity, , and it is oscillatory. For values of a little smaller than 0.5, the O-type solutions disappear, and solutions are again steady. Between and 0.410 there is a further bifurcation, and the stable solution becomes oscillatory, with constant parity . In Fig. 2 we show some details of the temporal behaviour of the and solutions, and Fig. 3a,b gives field vectors projected on to equatorial and azimuthal planes when . In Fig. 4a,b for the calculations we give contours of radial and absolute field at the surface of the computational sphere, and in Fig. 4c,d the corresponding quantities at the surface of one of the dynamo-active component spheres. Table 1. Summary of results for equal stellar radii, . A - in the 5th column indicates that fields were not present. The column headed `type' distinguishes steady and oscillating solutions. An entry of two bracketed values indicates the range of variation of an oscillatory quantity. after an entry indicates small oscillations near the tabulated value.
In Table 2 we present several other calculations for equal radii, but with different values. No significant changes in behaviour are apparent from those with , except that when , the solution is steady and that with is only marginally excited. Table 2. Summary of results for equal stellar radii, other values of . Table 2 gives results from computations for detached configurations of unequal radii. As anticipated, the solutions are now of type W, and so, necessarily, . Usually the solutions are of `pure' parity, , but we did discover some stable `mixed parity' solutions. Solutions can be either oscillatory or steady. In some cases, very long-lived transient behaviour is observed, over as long as 50 or more global diffusion times. In the cases with in Table 2, the fields appear to be settling to a configuration when, after 10-15 diffusion times a relatively sudden change to occurred, accompanied by a decrease in M from near unity to the tabulated values. We show details of the evolution of parity and M with time for this case in Fig. 5a, and of the energies for the case (, , d) = (0.4874, 0.30, 1.05), in Fig. 5b. As anticipated in Sect. 2, solutions listed in Table 2 with values close to those of the O-type solutions in Table 1 do have the majority of the energy in the odd m field modes. In Fig. 6a,b we show field contours over the surface of the computational sphere, and the surface of the primary component, for the solution shown in Fig. 5b. The last entry of Table 2 is noteworthy. Although the parameters are only slightly different from those of the immediately preceding entry, its behaviour is quite different in that the fields are not then of pure parity, .
In Table 3 there are results for contact configurations of unequal radii. These solutions are all of type W and are steady with .. Table 3. Summary of results for detached configurations with unequal stellar radii. A indicates computations with the origin of coordinates at the centre of mass. Table 4. Summary of results for contact configurations with unequal stellar radii. A indicates computations with the origin of coordinates at the centre of mass. © European Southern Observatory (ESO) 1997 Online publication: June 30, 1998 |