## Appendix AFor performing exact quantum calculation of the neutrino synchrotron emissivity from Eq. (2) we replace the integrations over and by the integrations over initial and final electron energies and , respectively. In this way we can accurately integrate within the intervals and , where the Fermi-Dirac distributions are rapidly varying. It is also convenient to set and replace the integration over by the integration over . Then Here, ( If , one has and , where If , then there are two integration domains. The first one is , with . The second domain is , with . ## Appendix BConsider the asymptote of the function given by Eq. (12). The integrand of (12) contains the factor . Since the neutrino-pair energy varies near the saddle point, we have where is the value of in the saddle point, , , and is the
In the low- KLY took into account the main terms of these asymptotes. Here, we include small corrections (proportional to the factor in square brackets). This yields Let us substitute (B1) and (B4) into (12). Then In this case, comes from variation of , with Furthermore, comes from the corrections to the McDonald functions, ## Appendix CConsider the neutrino synchrotron radiation by relativistic degenerate electrons in a very strong magnetic field (, ) in which the bulk of electrons populate the ground Landau level. The electron Fermi momentum is then given by , and the chemical potential is . The number of electrons on the excited Landau levels is exponentially small, and the major contribution to the neutrino emission comes from the electron transitions from the first excited to the ground Landau level. Equation (3) reduces to where . Inserting (C1) into (2) we can integrate over : Since the first Landau level is almost empty, we can set , where K)). The neutrino emission is greatly suppressed by the combination of Fermi-Dirac distributions . These distributions determine a very narrow integration domain which contributes to . Equation (C2) can be further simplified in the two limiting cases. The first case is , or , where and . The main contribution into comes from narrow vicinities of two equivalent saddle points , . Each point corresponds to the most efficient electron transition in which an initial-state electron descends to the ground Landau level just with the Fermi energy , emitting a neutrino-pair with the energy . In this case, the energy of the initial-state electron is . One has in the vicinities of the saddle points. Expanding , , and in these vicinities in powers of and , we obtain from Eq. (C2) where and . The second case corresponds to or
. Now the most efficient electron transitions
are those in which the initial-state electron is near the bottom of
the first Landau level (,
). Accordingly, and
. The energy of the final-state electron
varies mostly from the maximum energy
(associated with the minimum allowable
neutrino-pair energy at
) to the minimum energy
allowed by the Pauli principle. One can put in
all smooth functions under the integral (C2), and replace integration
over by integration over
or over and . In the limit of we have and . Then Eq. (C4) reproduces the asymptotic expression for the synchrotron neutrino emissivity of electrons from a non-degenerate electron-positron plasma (Eq. (35) of the paper by Kaminker & Yakovlev 1993). In the opposite limit, , we obtain and . Both asymptotes, (C3) and (C4), become invalid in a narrow vicinity of the point or . We propose to extend the asymptotes, somewhat arbitrarily, to the very point by replacing in Eqs. (C3) and Eq. (C4). These replacements do not affect significantly outside the vicinity of but produce physically reasonable interpolation within this vicinity. By matching the modified asymptotes at and implying again we get . In this way we obtain a complete set of equations to describe at . © European Southern Observatory (ESO) 1997 Online publication: March 24, 1998 |