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Astron. Astrophys. 329, 14-20 (1998)

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Biasing and large-scale structure
in a standard CDM N-body simulation

Andrei G. Doroshkevich 1, 3, Richard Fong 2 and Olga Makarova 3

1 Theoretical Astrophysics Center, Juliane Maries Vej 30, DK-2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark
2 Department of Physics, University of Durham, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, England
3 Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathemathics, Russian Academy of Science, Miusskaya Sq. 4, Moscow, 125047, Russia

Received 21 August 1996 / Accepted 25 July 1997


We apply 'core sampling' analysis to a standard CDM N-body simulation, in which 'galaxies' are identified as high density peaks in the initial density field. The main concern of this paper is in the general insight the model provides into the possible relationship between dark matter (DM) and 'galaxy' large-scale structures at the present epoch.

The analysis finds the dark matter (DM) distribution to be dominated by a hierarchical distribution in richness of sheet-like structures, i.e. of Zel'dovich DM pancakes, over scales of [FORMULA] -100 [FORMULA] Mpc. On the other hand, the 'galaxy' large-scale structure is found to be bimodal, with the poorer structure dominated by filaments and the richer structure dominated by sheet-like elements.

The analysis also estimates a mean separation or characteristic scale for 'galaxy' filaments of [FORMULA] [FORMULA] Mpc. With such a modest scale size we identify them as elements of 'Large-Scale Structure' or LSS. A natural interpretation of this difference in the 'morphology' of DM LSS from that of 'galaxy' LSS is that galaxy filaments may be expected to trace the high density ridges of DM Zel'dovich pancakes. The rich 'galaxy' sheet-like structures are found to have a mean separation of [FORMULA] -80 [FORMULA] Mpc. We call this 'Superlarge-Scale Structure' or SLSS. Also, as large a fraction as [FORMULA] % of the 'galaxies' are in SLSS. These are all in good agreement with the corresponding observational results.

However, this particular simulation was not found to possess the stable rich filamentary population seen in the observations. Nevertheless, the above results show that the form of the 'galaxy' spatial distribution has, on the whole, many similarities with that of the observed population, yet that of the DM distribution is distinctly different. The simulation thus provides an example of the profound effect biasing could have on the form of the observed large-scale structure in the Universe.

Key words: cosmology: theory – observations – large-scale structure of universe: formation and evolution: characteristic scales – N-body simulations: dark matter – general: galaxies


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© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 1998

Online publication: November 24, 1997