A bright emission region in the new nearby dwarf irregular galaxy Cassiopeia 1
R. Weinberger and
Received 28 April 1997 / Accepted 9 December 1997
In recent years several dwarf galaxies belonging to the highly obscured Maffei-IC 342 group have been discovered. Due to its shape, colour and the presence of a few possible H II regions, one of these objects () was suspected to be a dwarf irregular galaxy, named Cas 1. We have obtained optical spectra of the brightest H II candidate in Cas 1. By using the emission line ratio we could, for the first time, determine a rather reliable foreground extinction of = 2.5 mag and thus cannot support Tikhonov's (1996) view that Cas 1 is a member of the Local Group. For [O III ](5007 Å)/ we obtained a ratio of 2.6, much higher than typical ratios for (galactic) H II regions. The nature of the emitting nebula is unclear: a supernova remnant seems to be implausible (there is an IRAS counterpart), but we might deal with an H II region, possibly excited by a WR star.
Key words: galaxies: individual Cas 1 galaxies: irregular galaxies: ISM galaxies: dwarf
Send offprint requests to: R. Weinberger
© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 1998
Online publication: March 23, 1998