Localised, high-speed flows within the hydrogen-deficient planetary nebula Abell 78
J. Meaburn 1,
J.A. López 2,
M. Bryce 1 and
M.P. Redman 1
Received 24 December 1997 / Accepted 24 February 1998
The remarkable velocity structure of the different components of the hydrogen-deficient planetary nebula Abell 78 have been revealed by obtaining spatially resolved profiles of the [O III ] 5007Å line with the Manchester echelle spectrometer combined with the 2.1 m San Pedro Mártir telescope.
The outer, diffuse, hydrogen-rich, diameter shell is expanding radially at 40 . The irregular, knotty, hydrogen-deficient inner shell has a similar overall expansion velocity but more complex kinematical structure. Similar to A 30, velocity `spikes' are found in the position-velocity arrays of [O III ] 5007Å profiles from the inner shell. These extend to a further than the radial velocity of the approaching side of this inner shell.
The [O III ] 5007Å bright, hydrogen-deficient core knots are distributed throughout an elongated disk expanding at . There is kinematical evidence that `polar bullets' are being ejected perpendicularly to this central feature at . Altogether `velocity spikes' and other high-speed knots in the pv arrays of [O III ] 5007Å profiles are found over a range of radial velocities.
Many of the kinematical phenomena are considered to be a consequence of the mass-loaded, shocked, wind from the central star.
Key words: planetary nebulae: individual: Abell 78 ISM: kinematics and dynamics ISM: jets and outflows
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© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 1998
Online publication: May 15, 1998