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Astron. Astrophys. 339, 575-586 (1998)

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The biconical cavity associated with HD 200775: the formation of a cometary nebula

A. Fuente 1, J. Martn-Pintado 1, A. Rodrguez-Franco 2 and G.D. Moriarty-Schieven 3

1 Observatorio Astronómico Nacional (IGN), Campus Universitario, Apdo. 1143, E-28800 Alcalá de Henares (Madrid),Spain
2 Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Av. Arcos de Jalón s/n, E-28037 Madrid, Spain
3 Joint Astronomy Centre, 660 N. A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720, USA

Received 15 June 1998 / Accepted 3 September 1998


We have observed with high angular resolution (10" - 24") an area of [FORMULA] 18´[FORMULA]15´ around HD 200775 in the J=2[FORMULA]1 line of 12CO and the J=1[FORMULA]0 lines of 13CO and C18O. An interferometric HI 21cm image with similar angular resolution (14") is also presented. Molecular observations show that the star is located in a biconical cavity that has been very likely excavated by an energetic and bipolar outflow in an earlier evolutionary stage. The star is not located at the apex of this cavity but [FORMULA] 50 " towards the eastern lobe. At the present stage, there is no evidence for high velocity gas within the lobes of the cavity. However, the morphology of the HI emission, two filaments arranged in a "[FORMULA]" shape feature, and the bow shock located at the tip of one of these filaments, show that high velocity atomic gas is outflowing in a shell adjacent to the walls of the cavity in the eastern lobe. Since this high velocity atomic gas has not been detected in the western lobe, the outflow has a cometary shape. We propose that this outflow is formed when the atomic gas in the inner walls of the cavity is accelerated by the stellar wind. The cometary shape is due to the off-center position of the star. This cometary HI region constitutes the latest evolutionary stage of the bipolar outflow associated with HD 200775. Based on these results we propose a simple model to explain the formation of cometary nebulae in massive star forming regions.

Key words: stars: individual: HD 200775 – stars: pre-main-sequence – ISM: jets and outflows – ISM: individual objects: NGC 7023 – reflection nebulae – radio lines: ISM

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© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 1998

Online publication: October 21, 1998