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Astron. Astrophys. 343, 894-898 (1999)

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A photometric study of the W UMa-type system RZ Tauri *

G. Djuraevi 1, M. Zakirov 2 and S. Erkapi 1

1 Astronomical Observatory, Volgina 7, YU-11050 Belgrade, Yugoslavia (gdjurasevic@aob.bg.ac.yu)
2 Astronomical Institute of Uzbek Academy of Sciences, Astronomicheskaya 33, 700052 Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Received 6 July 1998 / Accepted 6 November 1998

Abstract

The present study deals with the problem of the orbital and physical parameters' estimation of the W UMa type eclipsing binary RZ Tauri, based on the interpretation of new photometric U B V R observations. The light curves obtained at the Maidanak Observatory during 1989-91 show a slight asymmetry around secondary minima and the small difference in the height of the successive maxima.

They are analysed in the framework of the Roche computer model (Djurasevic, 1992a) by applying the inverse-problem method (Djurasevic, 1992b) based on Marquardt's (1963) algorithm. The analysis shows that RZ Tau system is in an overcontact configuration with [FORMULA] and [FORMULA], generating total-annular eclipses. The best fitting is achieved with a bright active region on the secondary star, placed near the neck region between the components, with the temperature contrast between the spotted area and the surrounding photosphere being [FORMULA].

The spectral type of this system (F0 V) defines its behaviour as being between convective and radiative. Because of that we treated the gravity-darkening coefficients as free parameters in the inverse problem. The obtained value ([FORMULA]) is like to be appropriate for this case, showing that the common envelope of RZ Tauri is partly convective. The basic parameters of the system and of the active region are estimated for all individual U, B, V and R light curves.

Key words: stars: individual: RZ Tau – stars: binaries: eclipsing – stars: activity

* The data are available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to ftp://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/pub/cats/J/A+A/343/894 (130.70.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat/?J/A+A/343/894

Send offprint requests to: G. Djurasevi

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© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 1999

Online publication: March 1, 1999
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