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Astron. Astrophys. 346, 175-180 (1999)

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The circumstellar envelope of [FORMULA] Gru

G.R. Knapp 1, K. Young 2 and M. Crosas 2

1 Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA (gk@astro.princeton.edu)
2 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
(rtm@dolson.harvard.edu; mcrosas@cfa.harvard.edu)

Received 21 January 1999 / Accepted 17 March 1999

Abstract

CO(J = 2-1) and SiO(J = 5-4) emission has been observed from the molecular envelope around the nearby S star [FORMULA] Gru. The CO line profile differs from the usual parabolic shape seen in uniformly-expanding envelopes; it has a Voigt-like profile and two horns. A model for line formation in the envelope shows that a tilted, expanding disk reproduces the observations well. The star also has a fast molecular wind, with a projected outflow speed of at least 70 and perhaps as high as 90 [FORMULA]. The fast wind is presumably ejected from the poles of the disk. These observations show that the complex structure seen in many planetary nebulae, including quadrupolar structure and fast winds, may largely evolve from structure formed while the progenitor star is in the last stages of evolution on the AGB.

Key words: radio lines: stars – stars: AGB and post-AGB – stars: mass-loss

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© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 1999

Online publication: May 6, 1999
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