## On the pair electromagnetic pulse of a black hole with electromagnetic structure
^{1} I.C.R.A.-International Center for Relativistic Astrophysics and Physics Department, University of Rome "La Sapienza", I-00185 Rome, Italy^{2} Lawrence Livemore National Laboratory, University of California, Livermore, CA, USA
We study the relativistically expanding electron-positron pair plasma formed by the process of vacuum polarization around an electromagnetic black hole (EMBH). Such processes can occur for EMBH's with mass all the way up to . Beginning with a idealized model of a Reissner-Nordstrom EMBH with charge to mass ratio , numerical hydrodynamic calculations are made to model the expansion of the pair-electromagnetic pulse (PEM pulse) to the point that the system is transparent to photons. Three idealized special relativistic models have been compared and contrasted with the results of the numerically integrated general relativistic hydrodynamic equations. One of the three models has been validated: a PEM pulse of constant thickness in the laboratory frame is shown to be in excellent agreement with results of the general relativistic hydrodynamic code. It is remarkable that this precise model, starting from the fundamental parameters of the EMBH, leads uniquely to the explicit evaluation of the parameters of the PEM pulse, including the energy spectrum and the astrophysically unprecedented large Lorentz factors (up to for a EMBH). The observed photon energy at the peak of the photon spectrum at the moment of photon decoupling is shown to range from 0.1 MeV to 4 MeV as a function of the EMBH mass. Correspondingly the total energy in photons is in the range of to ergs, consistent with observed gamma-ray bursts. In these computations we neglect the presence of baryonic matter which will be the subject of forthcoming publications.
## Contents- 1. Introduction
- 2. Formation of pairs from an EMBH
- 3. General relativistic hydrodynamic equations
- 4. Numerical integration of general relativistic hydrodynamic equations
- 5. A simple special relativistic treatment of the expansion of the PEM-pulse
- 6. Three models of different geometry for the expansion of the PEM-pulse
- 7. Analysis of the spectrum and lightcurve at the time of decoupling
- 8. Results and discussion
- Acknowledgements
- References
© European Southern Observatory (ESO) 1999 Online publication: September 24, 1999 |